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Windows 7 and Windows 10 together; add Win7-PE and Linux Lite etc.

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WINDOWS 7 (cloned, adding Windows 7PE) AND WINDOWS 10 TOGETHER - ADD LINUX LITE - QUICK WINDOWS 7 SYSTEM RESTORE - OPTIMIZERS                                      

 

INDEX.-

1.- WHY THIS TUTORIAL.-


2.- NEEDED DOWNLOADS AND EXTERNAL DEVICES.-
2.1.- Programs.
2.2.- Build boot devices using downloaded files.
2.3.- Options for computers with preinstalled Windows 7.

- 2.3.1.- Clone the preinstalled Windows 7.
- 2.3.2.- Install from scratch.

3.- INSTALL WIN1.-
3.1.- Windows 7 setup.
3.2.- Disk partitioning.
3.3.- Apps setup.


4.- COPY WIN1 INTO WIN2.-
4.1.- Get a System Image.
4.2.- Deploy the OS folders into Win2.
4.3.- Boot Win2.


5.- OPTIMIZE WIN1.-

6.- OPTIMIZE WIN2.-

7.- OTHER WINDOWS 7 MULTIBOOT OPTIONS.-
7.1.- Windows 7 PE setup.
- 7.1.1.- Modify partition sizes.
- 7.1.2.- Install Windows 7 PE.
- 7.1.3.- Create the start list and include Win2 into it.
- 7.1.4.- Restore Win1.
- 7.1.5.- Restore NTFS to the first primary partition.
- 7.1.6.- Cautions.
7.2.- Add the second Windows 7 working mode.
7.3.- Add Windows 10.
- 7.3.1. Setup.
- 7.3.2. Shortcuts.

-7.3.3. Cautions

7.4.- Add Linux Lite.

- 7.4.1.- Leave a free disk space.
- 7.4.2.- Deploy Linux Lite.
- 7.4.3.- Recover the Windows 7 start list and include Linux Lite into it.
- 7.4.4.- Linux Lite Update
 

8.- WINDOWS 7 QUICK SYSTEM RESTORE.-
8.1.- Quick Win1 reconstruction.
8.2.- Quick boot drive reconstruction.
8.3.- Quick BIOS reconstruction.

8.4.- Reinstall from the internal HDD.
- 8.4.1.- Running Windows 7.
- 8.4.2.- Running Windows PE.
8.5.- Home Group repair.
8.6.- Boot old computers from pendrive.
8.7.- System image optimizing.
8.8.- Use the external HDD image container as Repair CD.


9.- WINDOWS 7 OPTIMIZERS.-

10.- COMPUTER OVERHEATING.-

11.- QUOTES.-



1.- WHY THIS TUTORIAL.-
- The operating system is composed of thousands of software pieces, many of which are read and sent to the memory, modified and rewritten again and again. This means a permanent danger: sudden mains cuts, damaged apps, viruses, failed install or uninstall operations, etc. can eventually force C drive formatting, being this drive by default the only existing one for Windows files and user folders.
- Even when Microsoft provides an excellent disk image saving procedure any not saved file will be definitively lost. The OS files are always included, but it doesn't happen the same concerning user files. Formatting the HDD or restoring the disk image always means stop working and very frequently also loosing recent user files.
- All this may be avoided by dividing the HDD into several parts. This way a multiboot OS may be implemented to keep working if C drive fails and user files and folders are kept away from the OS. Advantages also include a by far minor fragmentation, a considerable performance improvement, faster search speed, more data security and increased working stability.
- Depending on the computer this can be done in two ways:

a ) Using an empty HDD:
- Working at an unallocated HDD space Windows install program creates two primary partitions: the first one as boot manager (into which you may later include Microsoft's Windows 7 PE mini-OS), and the second one as C drive (Win1).
- The size of C drive is afterwards limited to 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit). A same sized third primary partition is built at the next free left space, to deploy into it a special copy of the previous one, which may be run as a second optional C drive (Win2).
- A bootlist allows choosing at start between Win1, Win2 or "Windows Setup" (that's the name given by the OS to Windows 7 PE).
- All the remaining free space of the HDD (usually most of its capacity) may be used to build into it one or several logical units, being this the best place for your user files and folders: they never mix with the OS and are never affected by OS damages or when a system image is used to rebuild it.

b ) Keeping a preinstalled OS:
- The preinstalled OS is used as Win1, reducing the size of C drive to 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit).
- A same sized new primary partition is built afterwards into the free left space, to deploy into it the second optional C drive (Win2).
- Microsoft's Windows 7 PE mini-OS may be included later into the first primary partition.
- A bootlist allows choosing at start between Win1, Win2 or "Windows Setup".

- Windows 10  is included to be used as an option, but Windows 7 is always considered as the main OS. It is also explained the way for using Linux Lite as a third optional OS into the same HDD.
- Multiboot allows restoring any of the installed OS while running another one by using new original, secure and extremely fast procedures very different from the standard ones.
- Links to some worthy and verified freeware utilities for Windows 7 are also included at the end of the tutorial to help you get an optimal OS performance.
- Enjoy it!


2.- NEEDED DOWNLOADS AND EXTERNAL DEVICES.-

2.1.- PROGRAMS.-

You obviously need the Windows 7 install DVD, and also to download the following freeware by simply clicking the given links:
- "Partition Wizard", freeware partition manager allowing even to resize drives by moving the existing files and folders to the new spaces whenever needed.
- "LinuxLive USB Creator" to build a boot pendrive.
- "Universal USB installer", if you wish to burn a boot CD instead. This program is very similar to the previous one but allows saving the downloaded file to be used afterwards by the CD burner.
- "Imgburn", CD burner, when needed only.
- "FreeCommander", an alternative file manager.
- "EasyBCD", BCD editing tool.
- "7-Zip", to deploy or build compressed files.
- "Winbuilder", to build a Windows 7 PE image from the Windows 7 install DVD. This image may be used to build an external boot pendrive or to run as such the HDD first primary partition as an alternative OS by choosing it at the boot list.
- "Ccleaner", HDD disk cleaner.
- "Wise Disk Cleaner", HDD disk cleaner.
- "Wise Registry Cleaner", registry cleaner and defragmenter.
- "Disk Defrag", fast HDD defragmenter and optimizer.
- "FastCopy", to synchronize folders or whole drives in a fast and easy way.

- "Linux Lite", if you wish to install this Linux version, specially designed to be installed on computers that already have Windows.

 

2.2.- BUILD BOOT DEVICES USING DOWNLOADED FILES.-
- From Windows 7 or Windows 10 install DVD .iso image: start 7-Zip to deploy it into a previously 4 GB (at least) FAT32 formatted pendrive to build an install Flash Pendrive, or run Imgburn to burn an install DVD. If you already have got the install DVD you only need to format as FAT32 the 4 GB pendrive and copy into it the whole contents of it.
- From Partition Wizard .iso image: load it into LinuxLive USB Creator to build a Flash Pendrive, or burn it using Imgburn to get a Live CD.
- From Win7PE.iso image: Universal-USB-Installer allows you to build a Flash Pendrive, and Imgburn to burn a Live CD.
- From Windows 7 Repair CD: use FreeCommander to copy its whole contents into a previously Fat32 formatted pendrive to build a 32 or 62 bits repair Flash Pendrive.
From Linux Lite .iso image:  load it into LinuxLive USB Creator to build a Flash Pendrive, or use Imgburn to get a Live CD.

2.3.- OPTIONS FOR COMPUTERS WITH PREINSTALLED WINDOWS 7 ( jump to paragraph 3 if this is not your case).-
- Before any duplication of the OS on a preinstalled computer it is very convenient to obtain an image of the whole HDD on DVD or external hard disk and also the repair CD. Restoring is easy if needed. After that you may choose between two options:

2.3.1. - Clone the preinstalled Windows 7.-
a ) Reboot using the Partition Wizard Live CD.
b ) Reduce C drive size to 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit) and rename drive as Win1.
c ) Create a new same sized primary partition named Win2 and complete the remaining free left disk space with one or more logical units for personal files.
d ) If any difficulty arises during the new primary partition building it may be used a same sized logical unit instead, choosing the last of them for this purpose in order to keep the same drive letters for the other ones when it is used as C drive.
e ) Reboot using Win1 and jump from here directly to paragraph 4 to go on.

2.3.2. - Install from scratch.-
- Remember that any Windows 7 install DVD containing the preinstalled version may be used to legally replace it, no matter if 32 or 64 bits working mode is used, using the "Activation Key" found at a sticker. This activation key is nevertheless not the OEM one, so it is recommended to build and keep into DVD an image of the whole HDD before deleting partitions, in special when your computer is into warranty period.
- The Microsoft install DVD doesn't contain all drivers for every computer. Therefore it is very convenient to keep a copy of the folder into which they are, named "swsetup" (Hewlett Packard or Compaq), "cabs" or any other way at the C drive root or into "Program Files" subfolders. These drivers are valid for both 32 and 64 bits working modes of the same Windows version.



3.- INSTALL WIN1.-

3.1. - WINDOWS 7 SETUP.-

- Boot using the Partition Wizard Flash Pendrive or Live CD.
- Delete all existing partitions.
- Insert the Windows 7 install DVD or Flash Pendrive and install it
- Open the device manager to check uninstalled or not properly installed devices (yellow marks or "Others") and let it search for them at your drivers' folder. "Screen adapter" and "Network adapter" drivers must always be sought to replace the generic ones by the special drivers usually provided by manufacturer.
- If you don't have all needed drivers let the computer search for them in the internet, from Windows Update or from manufacturer's site. If the internet connection does not work you may use the ones from a similar computer or use a different computer to download them.
- Open Windows file manager and rename C drive as Win1.


3.2.- DISK PARTITIONING.-
- Open Windows 7 disk manager. You will find two primary partitions (blue), the first one being a hidden "System Reserved" 100 MB space without drive letter containing boot manager. The second is Win1 as C drive and includes all remaining HDD space.
- Use the disk manager utility to reduce Win1 size to 25.000 MB.
- Create a same size drive and rename it as Win2. It will also appear as primary partition (blue).
- The remaining HDD space may be used to create one or several logical units for user files (green).


3.3.- APPS SETUP.-
- Install "Microsoft Office", the diverse internet apps, mail, games and everything else before going on. Whenever the install program allows changing the install folder it is convenient to choose a logical unit for it instead of the default Program Files folder so that they don't increase the size of the OS and also to allow them to be used indistinctively from any unit used as C drive.
- Install "FreeCommander" and configure it to show hidden files and folders (Extras > Settings > View, then activate "Show hidden files" and "Show system files").
- Install "7.Zip".



4.- COPY WIN1 INTO WIN2.-

4.1.- GET A SYSTEM IMAGE.
- The registry "MountedDevices" key must be emptied before obtaining a system image, so that it can be used at any other drive. This may be done by building a text file named i.e. "Unmount.reg" pasting into it the following lines.

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices]


- Doubleclick "Unmount.reg" before building the system image.
- Don't forget obtaining also the Windows Repair disk offered at the end of the image building, because it is needed for a complete restore of the internal HDD.

4.2.- DEPLOY THE OS FOLDERS INTO WIN2.
- Open Windows file manager and search folder WindowsImageBackup, which contains the just built OS image. You will find into it another one named after the computer, and into it you will find a third one named "Backup (date and time)". And finally into it you will find several files, all them needed to restore the whole OS using Windows Repair CD.
- We only need for our purpose the compressed folder containing the whole C drive. It is the biggest of them all, having a 32 characters name and a .vhd extension. Run 7-zip to open it and deploy only the following folders into Win2 drive:

Program Files
Program Files (x86)
(64 bits versions only).
Program Data
Windows.
Users.



4.3.- BOOT WIN2.-
- Run "EasyBCD" and add manually Win2 drive letter to the boot options.
- Boot Win2 and accept "Start Windows normally".
- Check C drive at the Windows file manager. If mounted drives were not properly unmounted Win1 will appear as C drive instead of Win2. That means no problem: you only need to doubleclick "Unmount.reg", reboot and Win 2 becomes C drive.



5.- OPTIMIZE WIN1.-
- Keep running Win2.
- Format Win1 and deploy Windows folders from "WindowsImageBackup" .vhd file into Win1 drive as explained at paragraph 4.3. Even when folders are the same you need to do it in order to get a total control allowing you any unneeded file deletion.
- Open FreeCommander and select Win1 drive.
- Delete pagefile.sys file, and also Windows\Temp, Windows\winsxs\Backup and Windows\winsxs\Temp folders.

- Click "Search files/folders" and check "Subfolders" box. Paste the following line at "File name", then click "Find" and delete results:
.etl;.rhk;.jrs;.bak;.blf;.chk;.evtx;.log1;.log2;.pnf;.regtrans-ms;.tmp;$

- Uncheck "Subfolders" box, select \Windows\winsxs folder and paste one by one the following lines into "File name", click "Find" and delete results:
a ) If your printer is already installed:
prnbr0;prnca0;prnep0;prnfx0;prnge0;prngt0;prnhp0;prnin0;prnkm0;prnky0;prnle0;prnlx0;prnnr0;prnod0;prnok0;prnrc0;prnsa0;prnso0;prnsh0;prnsv0

b ) If you always use the same keyboard and language:
keyboard;codepage

c ) If your internet access is already installed:
mdm

d ) If you only use the english language you may search each one of the following lines and delete all results:

arabic;japanese;chinese;jpn;kanji;kor;thai;turk
ar-sa;bg-bg;cs-cz;da-dk;de-de;el-gr;et-ee;es-es;es-mx;fi-fi;fr-fr;fr-ca;he-il;hr-hr;hu-hu;it-it;ja-jp;ko-kr;lt-lt;lv-lv
nb-no;nl-nl;pl-pl;pt-pt;pt-br;ro-ro;he-il;ru-ru;sk-sk;sl-si;sr-latn-rs;sv-sv;sv-se;th-th;tr-tr;uk-ua;zh-cn;zh-hk;zh-tw 

-Please mind that if you use any of those languages you must delete first from the corresponding line the letters which belong to your own language , i.e. if you use the spanish language you should delete "es-es" from the second line before starting search.

- Empty bin and perform Disk Defrag choosing the defrag and optimize option for Win1 drive.
- Reboot choosing Win1 and accept "Start Windows normally".
- Run Ccleaner, Wise Disk Cleaner and Wise Registry Cleaner.
- Compact registry using Wise Registry Cleaner.
- Doubleclick "Unmount.reg" and reboot to run Win1.


6.- OPTIMIZE WIN2.-
- While running Win1 build an updated system image as explained at paragraph 4.1. The updated .vhd folders file will be considerably smaller than the older one.
- Format Win2 drive and rebuild it as explained at paragraph 4.2.
- Run Disk Defrag and defragment Win2 selecting the optimize option.
- Reboot choosing Win2 and accept "Start Windows normally".
- Win2 must appear now as C drive. If you forgot doubleclicking "Unmount.reg" as said in the previous paragraph you will find Win1 as such. No problem: you only need to doubleclick "Unmount.reg" now, reboot choosing Win2 and it will replace Win1 as C drive.



7.- OTHER WINDOWS 7 MULTIBOOT OPTIONS.

7.1.- WINDOWS 7 PE SETUP.-
- You may include into the HDD boot drive a minimal Windows 7 virtual version delivered by Microsoft to implement an external boot device called "Windows 7 PE". That allows to the small HDD boot drive to work as it were an external boot device.
- The external boot device for which this Windows edition is offered must be built first to be used as an install tool afterwards. Run Winbuilder as described at paragraph 2.1 to get the needed OS image ("Win7PE.iso") and load this image into LinuxLive USB Creator to obtain a Flash Pendrive or burn a Live CD using ImgBurn, then do as follows:

7.1.1.- Modify partition sizes.-
- Boot using the Partition Manager Flash Pendrive or Live CD.
- Delete the first primary partition and create a first one sized about 1500 Mb (which may be renamed as "Bootdrive") and a second one on the remaining space (which will be renamed as "Win1" and will be used instead of the deleted one).

7.1.2.- Install Windows 7 PE.-
- Boot the Windows 7 PE Flash Pendrive or Live CD.
- Run LinuxLive USB Creator, load "Win7PE.iso" and install Windows 7 PE at the first primary partition.

7.1.3.- Create the start list and include Win2 into it.-
- Withdraw the external device and reboot to run the just installed Windows 7 PE version.
- Insert the Windows 7 DVD and execute "Setup.exe" installing Windows 7 at the second primary partition (Win1). After reboot a start list will show "Windows 7" as first choice and "Windows Setup" as second.
- Start "EasyBCD" and choose Add new entry > (letter of Win2 drive), and afterwards Edit Boot Menu > Boot default after > (some 5 seconds is usually enough).
- Save a backup of the boot list clicking "Backup Settings". In case of need it may be restored using the same program by clicking "Restore Settings".

7.1.4.- Restore Win1.-
- Reboot choosing Win2.
- Format Win1 drive and deploy into it the needed files from the .vhd compressed image file as explained at paragraph 4.2.
- Run Disk Defrag and defragment Win1 selecting the optimize option.

7.1.5.- Restore NTFS to the first primary partition.-
- Start Windows disk manager.
- Give a drive letter to the first primary partition.
- Run cmd.exe and execute (replace # by the first partition drive letter):

convert #: /fs:ntfs /V 

- Start Windows disk manager again and clear the given drive letter so that it keeps hidden again.

7.1.6.- Cautions.-
- It is very convenient to save an image of the two first primary partitions after installing Windows PE as a complementary security measure.


7.2.- ADD THE SECOND WINDOWS 7 WORKING MODE.-
- Most new computers are delivered with preinstalled Windows 7 Home Premium 64 bits OS, which does not allow the use of some old apps made for previous Windows versions.
- After the HDD has been configured as explained this may be sorted out by keeping at Win1 the preinstalled 64 bits mode while installing Windows 7 Home Premium 32 bits at Win2, using the same activation key. This second working mode of the same version allows running almost all old software.
- The new OS may be cloned as explained for Win1. The cloned copy may optionally be run as C drive from any logical unit by simply copying it and adding the needed entry at the boot menu using EasyBCD.


7.3.- ADD WINDOWS 10.-
- Windows 10 is a very special operating system in many ways, and for only doing the daily work it is really more convenient to continue using Windows 7 for as long as possible because of its simplicity and compatibility with many existing applications which are not supported by the new system any more.
- Even when this OS may be installed by simply upgrading a previous version of Windows 7 or 8, experience shows that for users is more convenient to install it from scratch on a blank disc and, once it is configured and working properly, to add the applications not included into it.
- Being portable applications and many others able to be shared by both Windows 7 and 10, it is very useful to use for them a common logical unit. Any program which can only be run while using one of them should preferably be installed into the corresponding Program Files folder instead.

 

7.3.1.- Setup.-
- It is very convenient to obtain a whole HDD image, preferably into an external hard disk, before starting the install process. In case of need (the new OS analyzes everything and destroys or damages anything considered dangerous, eventually wrongly) you may recover any file from the corresponding .vhd drive unit as explained at paragraph 4.2.

- Unlike all previous operating systems, Windows 10 can only be installed on a primary partition. If you do it on the space of a logical unit the setup process will modify the structure of the disc to transform that logical unit into a primary partition, and if all primary partitions are already busy (its maximum is three) it will modify the disk structure to transform the last one of them into a logical drive to create a third primary unit for itself.
- Considering that the Windows 7 operating system is much more favorable for the user than Windows 10, we will respect the dual boot and the possibility of remaking the system in a couple of minutes by having a clone of it using FastCopy, avoiding, for security reasons, that the necessary changes to the disk structure be done at the setup process of the new OS, as follows:

a) Rename the third primary partition as Win10.
b) Create a new logical drive named Win2 to replace the third primary unit as Windows 7 clone (unlike the new OS, Windows 7 can run smoothly from a logical drive). This logic unit must be the last one of all them to preserve all other logical units drive letters when this one is working as C drive, and must also have a capacity of 16,000 MB (32-bit) or 20,000 MB (64 bits). To run this you must create a link at the boot list using EasyBCD.
c) Copy the whole contents of the third primary partition, now called Win10, into the new Win2 logical drive unit.
d) Format the Win10 drive without using the quick format option.
e) Insert the Windows 10 install DVD or Flash Pendrive and install it into the third primary partition.
- After Windows 10 setup it appears at the boot list as first and default system, having a waiting time of 30 seconds. Open EasyBCD (compatible with both systems) and reset Windows 7 as first and default operating system, reducing the waiting time to about 5 seconds.
- Boot from Windows PE or Windows 7 and defragment Win2 using DiskDefrag using the optimize option.

- If Linux Lite is already installed it will most probably be impossible the access to it after Windows 10 setup. You will need to reinstall it following the same instructions given at paragraph 7.4.


7.3.2.- Shortcuts.-
- You may copy into Windows 10 desktop screen all icons from Windows 7 desktop. Those whose destination is a program located at a common logical unit will work properly if they are supported by the new OS, respecting all features of every shortcut key obtained by left click on the link.
- Delete all links which do not work with the new operating system. You may add new links by simply clicking the left mouse button on the program you wish run to create its new icon at the desktop or to include it into the taskbar.
- New programs which only work using Windows 10 must be installed into its Program Files folder.

 

7.3.3.- Cautions.-

- Don't forget to obtain a HDD image before installing Windows 10. Maybe you will need it earlier or later, because Windows 10 is unpredictable.
- Since Windows 10 appeared, all Windows 7 users who had also installed SP1 are constantly required to upgrade, and early or later forced to move to Windows 10. In order to use both OS separately and avoid all upgrade offers which difficult the use of Windows 7 the best solution is to format the Win1 HDD, install the initial version of Windows 7 (improving it as explained at paragraph 5) and configure it in order to no accept any updates at all. There is a lot of third party software for Windows 7 to get all the security you need without using any Microsoft updates. You only need to enter into internet and search.

 

7.4.- ADD LINUX LITE.-

- A Linux version into our computer allows us to run Linux based apps and also to run it for maintenance purposes.
- This Linux version based on Ubuntu is specially designed to be installed into Windows computers without affecting in any way the existing OS or any of the already existing programs or files.
- To install it you need to create first an external device by deploying the linux-lite-2.0-32bit.iso file into a pendrive using LinuxLive USB Creator to obtain a Linux Lite Live pendrive, or into a CD using ImgBurn if you wish to obtain a Live CD.
- Procedure to install on the HDD is as follows:
 
7.4.1.- Leave a free disk space.-
- Leave an approximate 9000 free HDD space, preferably at the end of it, using the Windows utility for disk management or by running Partition Manager.
 
7.4.2.- Deploy Linux Lite.-
- Boot using the Linux Lite Live pendrive or CD. At the start menu, which is very similar to the one used by Windows, you will find the install to the HDD option. Choose it and select the keep Windows option. Linux Lite will be deployed automatically into the left free HDD space by creating a Linux partition and another one for Swap Linux, not affecting in any way the previous OS or any of the existing files.
- The Linux Grub start list will appear after reboot. If you wish to keep using the Windows 7 start list you may recover it very easily as follows.
 
7.4.3.-Recover the Windows 7 start list and include Linux Lite into it.-
- Withdraw the Linux Lite Live external device.
- Insert the Windows 7 install DVD and start the install process into any of the existing logical units excepting the newly created two into which Linux has been installed, neither the Win1 partition. The Win2 partition should also be left untouched whenever possible, to avoid the need of rebuilding it afterwards.
- After downloading all Windows files into the HDD the install process will reboot the computer. At reboot reappears the boot list of Windows 7, having as first element the new Windows 7 install process. Don't go on installing it, choosing instead the following Win1 boot line. 
- Open "EasyBCD", delete that first line and mark the following one as default OS. After that click Add new entry,> NeoGrub > Install  and afterwards click on Linux/BSD > Grub2 > (you may rename "NeoSmart Linux" as "Linux Lite").
- Reduce Timeout countdown from 5 seconds.
- At reboot you will be able to choose any of the previous OS or the newly installed Linux Lite.
- At the boot list you will find also a new entry for NeoGrub. This one may be deleted without affecting any of the installed Neo Grub elements.
- At C drive you will find NST folder and ANG0 file, used by Linux at boot, which you must keep untouched so that this OS may work.
 
7.4.4.-Linux Lite Update.-
- Linux Lite offers you periodically updates, which you may easily download and install directly using this option which is found at the start list.
- When the updates are completed the start screen will be again that of Linux, but if you wish to recover the previous Windows start list you only need to insert the Windows install DVD and start the install process into any not used logical unit. As soon as the install process reboots the previous Windows start screen will appear again. You only have to choose the previous default Windows 7 option (now the second one into the list), run "EasyBCD", delete that first line and mark the following one as default OS.

 

 

8.- WINDOWS 7 QUICK SYSTEM RESTORE.-

8.1.- QUICK WIN1 RECONSTRUCTION.-
- After booting Windows PE (installed into the first primary partition or into a Live CD or flash pendrive), and also after booting Windows 10, you may use Win2 to rebuild Win1 in a few seconds by running FastCopy. Win2 must be used as "Source" and Win1 as "DestDir". Select the "Sync (Size/Date)" option and write 1024 at "Buffer", then clic "Execute" and Win1 will be totally reconstructed, taking less than one minute the whole operation.
- If Win2 had been used at any time it will appear as C drive at the Windows file manager after booting Win1. If this happens you must execute the described "Unmount.reg" script and reboot afterwards so that Win1 works properly as C drive. You may of course avoid this problem by simply running the script whenever you boot Win2 just before switchoff.
- As an alternative and a bit slower procedure, always booting Windows PE or Windows 10, you may fast format Win1 drive and deploy into it the .vhd compressed file containing the Windows 7 OS as explained for Win2 at paragraph 4.2.


8.2.- QUICK BOOT DRIVE RECONSTRUCTION.-
- Open the Windows file manager and search WindowsImageBackup folder, which contains the system image. As already said, you will find into it another one named after the computer; into it a third one named "Backup (date and time)", and finally into this one you will find several files. At least two of them will be .vhd compressed ones. Leave the smallest one only, which contains the boot drive files, moving all remaining .vhd files to a different folder out of WindowsImageBackup so that you may later take them back to their previous place when the drive rebuilding is achieved.
- Insert the Windows Repair boot CD or flash pendrive, reboot using it and restore WindowsImageBackup.
- Restore process takes less than one minute, ending just after the first primary partition has been rebuilt with an error message.
- Reboot using the HDD. The first primary partition will work normally with no damage at all for any other drive.


8.3.- QUICK BIOS RECONSTRUCTION..-
- To fix a corrupted BIOS you may remove the motherboard battery for a few seconds or open the command line screen and execute the following orders:

debug
o70,2e
o71,ff
o70,2f
o71,ff
q



8.4.- REINSTALL FROM THE INTERNAL HDD.-
- Deploy Windows 7 setup .iso image file or copy the whole contents of the already existing DVD obtained from it into a logical unit folder named i.e. "Winsetup". This way you may reinstall or install it into any primary partition or logical unit in a totally autonomous way. The new unit will always appear as C drive. You may choose one of the two following options (being # the drive letter):

8.4.1.- Running Windows 7.-
- Run 7-zip and open #:\Winsetup\Sources\install.wim. You will find into it some other .wim files named 1.wim, 2.wim etc. The lowest number (1.wim) corresponds to the most simple running mode and the highest one belongs to the most advanced one (list has the same order which appears at the ordinary install process start, the number of options depending on the different DVD versions). Choose one of them and deploy only the folders Program Files, Program Data, Users and Windows into the formatted drive unit (and also Program Files(x86) for 64 bits). Reboot and run the reinstalled drive. A fast install process will automatically start adapting the deployed files and folders to your computer needs, totally respecting all other HDD files.
- When this procedure is used to build a totally new Windows 7 drive please remember that you must run EasyBCD using the "Add new entry" option to include it at the boot list before logging off, so that the new drive can be chosen at reboot.

8.4.2.- Running Windows PE.-
- Format the destination drive, open Windows File Manager and doubleclick #:\Winsetup\Setup.exe.


8.5.- HOME GROUP REPAIR.-
- If any connected member is not shown at Windows file manager you may fix it by clicking on Start and afterwards rightclicking on Documents, Images, Music or Videos to select Share > Home Group .
- Computer used to build the Home Group doesn't work as a server, behaving as one more member. If any member is working you may include new computers into the group.
- If you reinstall the computer used to build the Home Group you can't include it again. You must create a new Home Group forcing all members to abandon the old one to become members of the new one.


8.6.- BOOT OLD COMPUTERS FROM PENDRIVE.-
- If needed an old computer whose BIOS doesn't allow it may be booted from pendrive by running "EasyBCD" choosing "Add New Entry">"Portable/External Media">"Bios Extender">"Install PLoP"
- Reboot and you will find a new "EasyBDC BIOS Extender" boot option. Plug in just now the boot pendrive, select and execute.
- Don't forget withdrawing pendrive after computer switchoff.
- ""EasyBDC BIOS Extender"" may be used when needed only uninstalling it afterwards using "BIOS Extender">"Remove PLoP" (never use "Delete">"Edit Boot Menu" for this purpose).


8.7.- SYSTEM IMAGE OPTIMIZING.-
- By the WindowsImageBackup subfolders used to copy Win1 into Win2 is found another one named "DELETED", containing all deleted files traces which remain at the Win1 drive unit. You may make it dissapear or at least reduce it to a minimum size by formatting the Windows 7 drive using Windows 7 PE  keeping unchecked the fast format box, to clean all these traces left by deleted files and folders.
- After rebuilding Windows 7 as explained at paragraphs 4.2 and 4.3 you may build a new smaller Windows 7 system image file.


8.8.- USE THE EXTERNAL HDD IMAGE CONTAINER AS REPAIR CD.-
- Create a 1 GB first primary partition at the external HDD and format it as Fat32.
- Copy into it the contents of the Windows Repair CD.
- To restore the system image you must plug in the HDD, boot and choose the external HDD as first boot device at BIOS or use the corresponding function key (F9, F2 or any other depending on the computer type). The new partition works just as the Repair CD.
- This boot option can only be used while partition sizes are not modified after image building and the Windows Repair CD belongs to the same bits version (64 or 32) as the image file.  If partition sizes were modified or bits versions are not the same you must boot using the Windows Repair CD.

 

9.- WINDOWS 7 OPTIMIZERS.-
Download the following freeware by simply clicking the given links:
- "Wise Data Recovery", to undelete erased files.
- "Wise Uninstaller", for complete removal of unwanted applications from disk and registry.
- "Autoruns", to detect underground run programs and deactivate unwanted ones. Any unwanted entry may be deactivated by simply unchecking its box. Mind carefully to keep checked all Windows 7 install process created ones because computer won't boot (if it eventually happens do as explained at paragraph 8.1). Any others may be easily reactivated by simply checking their boxes again.
- "Ultimate Windows Tweaker", freeware for many useful improvements like totally using 4 GB memory on 32 bits mode, no hibernation, withdraw icon arrows and many other useful changes using the interactive way instead of the command line.
- "Tweakslogon", freeware to use any .jpg file as logon screen.
- "Displayset", freeware to modify every item of your desktop.

 

10.- COMPUTER OVERHEATING.-

If the power supply device fan works properly, computer overheating is usually due to dust accumulation. To withdraw this dust you may use your domestic floor vacuum cleaner, as follows:

1.- Switch off your computer.

2.- If you use a desktop remove the covers of the mainboard space and apply the tip of the suction hose to every place where dust accumulation is seen and also on the back of the power supply fan (the power supply fan will rotate in the opposite direction).

3.- If your computer is a laptop you only need to apply the tip of the suction hose to each and every hole at the bottom of it. The small size of the internal space significantly increases the strength of the vacuum extraction.

 

11.- QUOTES.-
- This tutorial is based on a previous one for Windows 98 and XP which I wrote by choosing, collecting, resuming and putting together many ideas suggested by other members, now rebuilt and adapted to Windows 7 and Windows 10. You can find such antecedents at How to create easily a second Win98/XP in the same computer
- The initial text published in 2010 has been repeatedly improved collecting many new experiences, some of them also suggested by members or visitors of this forum in their posts, which you may find all along the thread.
- Thank you all for your help and support. Your suggestions are always welcome.

cannie


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Edited by cannie
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Awesome, cannie! :thumbup

Delete primary 50 GB unit to leave its space free. In this space the install disk of Windows 7 will create the primary partitions 0 (hidden) for grub and 1 for Windows (first of the two).

But I do have a question... Grub? Does Win 7 install grub? Or did you forget to add grub to the list of needed tools?

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Awesome, cannie! :thumbup

Delete primary 50 GB unit to leave its space free. In this space the install disk of Windows 7 will create the primary partitions 0 (hidden) for grub and 1 for Windows (first of the two).

But I do have a question... Grub? Does Win 7 install grub? Or did you forget to add grub to the list of needed tools?

Hi dencorso!

I was really surprised when I first noticed it. By simply installing Windows 7 in a free space (never if you install it into an existing primary partition), it creates a hidden active primary partition 0 which behaves just as grub did, and it is thanks to it that, using partition 1 or 2 you can format the other one and rebuild it by a simple copy/paste procedure, using a file manager which allows you to see and copy hidden and system files.

No need at all to rebuild the PBR!

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All that unit and install stuff is confusing. Why not just install windows 7 2 times as normal and then do step 7? I currently have windows xp and 7 as a dual boot and have used duals for 7 yrs.

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All that unit and install stuff is confusing. Why not just install windows 7 2 times as normal and then do step 7? I currently have windows xp and 7 as a dual boot and have used duals for 7 yrs.

Yours is a perfectly valid option.

Why all the rest?

Apart from explaining the procedure for easy cloning at number 7, which closes the tutorial, in the previous numbers I've tried to explain how to restructure before it the complete HD in order to preserve only a sufficient and similar disk space for each of both Windows 7 primary partitions while saving all the rest of the whole HD totally prepared for films, fotos, music etc.

Being an original first exposition of a personal experience of mine, maybe it is not so clear as it should be.

I'll read it all again by heart and try to explain everything in an easier way, in a short term.

Thanks for your contribution!

Best wishes

cannie

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The whole text has been corrected and modified for an easier understanding. :whistle:

Hope it helps.

cannie

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You can instead use GRUB in the 100MB partition to have the alternative boot be Linux.

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You can instead use GRUB in the 100MB partition to have the alternative boot be Linux.

Totally correct, if having Linux is better for your needs.

As I commented to dencorso at post no. 3 the hidden active primary partition 1 which Windows 7 installs by default into a not partitioned space behaves in a similar way as grub's partition 0.

This tutorial takes profit from this grub-like approach of Windows 7 to run optionally any of two totally identical Windows 7 primary partitions after an easy and fast cloning procedure of the originally installed one.

cannie

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very informative post, I actually tried it on one of my computer and it did work wonders.

thanks

Edited by cluberti
Sig links removed, spam. User banned.
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Thanks for your appreciations, willjackson and maria!

As maria says, there is a lot of software for data recovery and to get a clone of the HD. The need of it is so basic that they exist since the first days of computing.

But the purpose of this tutorial is not exactly that:

1.- It tries to configure your HD in the optimal way to keep safe and apart your personal files, while "repeating" your Windows 7 into two primary units of the same disk which are also optimized just for this OS.

2.- The purpose of this tutorial is just to take profit of the grub-mode facility which appears under Windows 7 to have two copies of your OS totally operative into two different primary partitions of the same HD, choosing at boot one or the other. AFAIK ordinary clones from Windows 7 can only be used to rebuild the original drive.

3.- When your Windows 7 freezes or stops working for any motive you feel really happy if you can switch inmediately to an exact copy of the same software, shortcuts and apps, not only to go on working without delay in the same usual way but also to delete the damaged drive unit and rebuild it from scratch on the background from a logical unit, external HD or DVD in less than 15 minutes. No problem of drivers and no need to remember but a single install scheme.

4.- The saved clone is totally transparent: it allows you to examine at any moment any of the elements of the OS, even the hidden ones (preferably using Total Commander in this case). This option is very useful in many occasions.

Edited by cannie
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Taking into account the words of the members who have posted before into this thread, and trying to accomodate in a better way the title of this thread to its content, I have changed it for a better understanding.

Thank you all!

HTH

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I followed all of your directions and everything has worked until step 4.2.

When I doubleclick on my "unmount.reg" text file, I get a Registry Editor error popup message that says:

Cannot import C:\Users\Rich\Desktop\Unmount.reg:The specified file is not a registry script. You can only import binary registry file from within the registry editor.

Here is my unmount.reg script:

{-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices}

{HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices}

{HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control}

"SystemBootDevice"=""

{HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet001\Control}

"SystemBootDevice"=""

{HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet002\Control}

"SystemBootDevice"=""

Does anyone have any ideas/corrections to solve this problem?

Thanks for your help and patience. Rich

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Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

<blank line>

[-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control]

"SystemBootDevice"=""

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control]

"SystemBootDevice"=""

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\Control]

"SystemBootDevice"=""

<blank line>

Yes. The items in red are missing. Note that <blank line> denotes just that: a blank line.

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:D Thank you very much for your help. Your correction worked great; now on to the finish line! Rich
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I can understand the advantages of adding the "Unmount.reg" to the registry to allow the easy copying. Adding "Unmount.reg" is a permanent change; what are the disadvantages to making this permanent chagnge?

After I set up my computer this way, Acronis True Image can't find the hard drives/partitions in my computer when I try to run it.

Are we supposed to change the registry back to its state before adding "Unmount.reg" after each copy of the system?

Thanks!

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