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Drivers from CD: Simple Method

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#1
a06lp

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Drivers From CD (Simple Method)



Updated: 11/08/05 (The old AutoIt Method is available here.)

This is not my method. Major thanks to idle.newbie and hp38guser, as most of this is their work.
Thanks also go out to Pyron for making SetupCopyOEMInf.exe and WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe, which are used in this method.
The info from this outline is from this post, and, more specifically: here, here, and here.

This is a method of automatically installing drivers (which are located on your CD), for devices that are plugged into the computer that WindowsXP is being installed on. This new way uses a Batch file. Why another way, you ask? The reason is simple:
This method does not need the use of a FAKE setup.exe, nor does it need extra lines in TXTSETUP.SIF (like other methods do). It's very simple and straightforward.

It's as easy as 1, 2, 3:

1. Download the attached zip file, and unzip its contents to $OEM$\.
(There are 6 files in the zip: 7za.exe, Drivers.cmd, nircmd.exe, Process.exe, SetupCopyOEMInf.exe, WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe)

(These files will run from the CD, and are never copied to the Hard Drive.)

2. Open up winnt.sif (located in i386), and add two lines under [GuiUnattended], as shown below:

If you WANT the cmd window (batch file) to show, use THIS code:
Winnt.sif
CLS@ECHO OFFTITLE Drivers-from-CD Installationcolor 1F::  Set Current Drive as CD	CD /D "%~dp0"::  Set Drivers Location Folder	SET DRV=Drivers::  Ticker script	ECHO.exec hide %CD%\Process.exe -r setup.exe >%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl	ECHO.wait 10000 >>%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl	ECHO.exec hide %CD%\Process.exe -p SetupCopyOEMInf.exe high >>%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl	ECHO.exec hide %CD%\Process.exe -s setup.exe >>%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl	ECHO.wait 50000 >>%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl	ECHO.script %SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl >>%SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl::  Pre-Install (Suspend Setup, and Set Setup to Low Priority)	.\Process.exe -s setup.exe	.\Process.exe -p setup.exe low::  Allow for Unsigned Drivers	START .\WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe::  If Compressed Drivers Exist, Unzip Them & Change Drivers Location Folder to Hard Drive	IF EXIST Drivers.7z (	SET DRV=%SystemDrive%\Drivers	.\7za.exe x -y -aoa -o"%SystemDrive%\Drivers" ".\Drivers.7z"	)::  Run NirCmd Ticker Script (code above)	START .\NirCmd.exe script %SystemDrive%\Ticker.ncl::  Install Drivers	.\SetupCopyOEMInf.exe "%DRV%"::  Post-Install (Close NirCmd, Setup Priority back to Normal, Resume Setup)	.\Process.exe -k NirCmd.exe	.\Process.exe -p setup.exe normal	.\Process.exe -r setup.exe::  Delete Ticker File	DEL %SystemDrive%\Ticker.nclEXIT
NirCmd v1.80
Created by NirSoft (link)
Used to run Ticker script.

Process.exe v2.03
Created by Beyond Logic (link)
Used to pause setup, set process priorities, and kill processes while drivers install.

SetupCopyOEMInf.exe
Created by Pyron (link)
It scans a dir recursively and calls SetupCopyOEMInf for every .inf it finds (which copies a specified .inf file into the %windir%\Inf directory).

WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe
Created by Pyron (link)
Basically, this makes it so that when Windows finds non-signed drivers (non-WHQL), it doesn't care.
The source for WatchDriverSigningPolicy is here. Although the attachment doesn't seem to be working, the basic outline of the code is in the post.


How Does It Work? (A Much Simplified Guide)
When Windows Setup reads the GuiUnattended section of winnt.sif, it will load up our Drivers.cmd code.
The Drivers.cmd file will first pause Windows Setup (using Process.exe).
Next, it will activate WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe so that we can install unsigned drivers.
The batch script will then determine if compressed drivers exist. If so, it will extract them.
Then it will run SetupCopyOEMInf.exe to scan every subdirectory in $OEM$\Drivers (or %systemdrive%\Drivers if compressed drivers exist) and add copy all the .inf files so that Windows will recognize and install drivers for every PnP device (that you included drivers for).
Finally, we resume Windows Setup (again, using Process.exe).


What About Compressed Drivers?
If you use compressed (.7z) drivers, make sure to ADD your compressed "Drivers.7z" to the $OEM$ folder. The batch will automatically detect the compressed drivers (make sure it is named "Drivers.7z"), unzip it to the Hard Drive (using the included "7za.exe"), and then scan the Hard Drive (instead of the CD) for .inf files.



Updates:
11/08/05: Major updates:
  • Solved the problem of setup continuing before all the .inf files are scanned and integrated.
  • New Method - (Batch file instead of AutoIt) - Windows Setup will now pause (based on this post and also this post and this post).
  • Added Process.exe v2.03, and NirCmd v1.80 to the zip - These are the programs we use to pause Windows Setup.
  • This method now works with compressed drivers - just add your "Drivers.7z" to the $OEM$ folder. The batch takes care of the rest. :)
10/11/05: New upload again. This time, the Drivers.au3 file is altered again, and the code to be entered into winnt.sif has been changed. This entire method runs from CD (no files copied over!) This is all from this post. Again- I personally tested this method (as has hp38guser) and it works!
08/01/05: Re-uploaded the zip file. The only updated file in the zip is the Drivers.au3 - it's a smaller file, with less coding (i.e., no extra crap, as per hp38guser's request (here). It has been tested, and is working.

Attachment Updated: 11/08/05
MD5 Hash: E6FCD3B433BA04D0F0CC96CB7613DA0A

Download from Mirror 1

Download from Mirror 2 (please try above link first...)

Edited by a06lp, 30 November 2005 - 05:50 PM.



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#2
Acheron

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Please note this does not work for any MassStorage Device. Only plug'n play hardware is detected and installed during Windows Setup.

You can add drivers for any hardware on cd. Whenever you change hardware, Windows will recognize your new hardware and will ask for your cd.

This is my favourite driver installation method.
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#3
Bâshrat the Sneaky

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Maybe it'd be useful if you'd say in the first post that this is a method where drivers are kept, and because they are installed from CD/DVD, you'll always need to insert your CD/DVD to install new drivers.

Or did I miss that part?

#4
Acheron

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You are correct. However pnp-devices are detected during Windows Setup after detachedprogram stage so during Windows Setup all drivers are detected and get installed.

If drivers are included for hardware not available during Windows Setup, only the inf's are copied to the Windows INF directory.
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#5
a06lp

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pnp-devices are detected during Windows Setup after detachedprogram stage so during Windows Setup all drivers are detected and get installed.

If drivers are included for hardware not available during Windows Setup, only the inf's are copied to the Windows INF directory.

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


And therefore, this seems to be a great way to install any hardware. If it's in your system now, the drivers are installed during setup.

If you later add a component, and the drivers were originally on the cd, it will ask for the cd.

(I think this is correct - let me know, hp38guser)

#6
Bilou_Gateux

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If you later add a component, and the drivers were originally on the cd, it will ask for the cd.


I have a request because i don't know how to change the drivers.au3 AutoIt code.

I always install Windows from a Network share or from an i386 source folder located on the hard drive (WINNT32.EXE /s:<source_path>) booting first the box with WinPE/BartPE.

My Drivers folder is located on %SystemDrive%\Drivers.

Could you post a modified AutoIt script that search \win51ip.SP2 on local HDD instead of CD. I just need a new subroutine to set $instDrv to another letter than CD letter.
Optional (i can edit the original au3 to replace with my IDTag):
Can you set the IDTag win51ip.SP2 in a variable for use with others Windows versions.
OS Version = 5.1.2600 Service Pack 3
Platform ID = 2 (NT)
Service Pack = 3.0
Suite = 0x0140
Product Type = 1
Architecture = x86

#7
Acheron

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DriveGetDrive
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Returns an array containing the enumerated drives.

DriveGetDrive ( "type" )

Parameters

type Type of drive to find:
"ALL", "CDROM", "REMOVABLE", "FIXED", "NETWORK", "RAMDISK", or "UNKNOWN"

Return Value

Success: Returns an array of strings (drive letter followed by colon) of drives found. The zeroth array element contains the number of drives.
Failure: Returns numeric 1 and sets @error to 1


Suit yourself. Replace
$CD = DriveGetDrive("CDROM")
by
$CD = DriveGetDrive("FIXED")
to look for win51ip.SP2 on local hdd :hello:
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#8
erik_demon

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@Bashrat

Couldn't this (however modified) replace the current KtD method in DP Base:

For method 2 this would mean:

@presetup.cmd stage extract the DP's

@DetachedProgram stage run the autoit script

This would have the following advantages:

- no limitations to the OemPnPDriversPath problem
- no double work, this way we don't have to use SetDevicePath and SetupCopyOEMInf which safes (a little) time

I believe that this would be quite an improvement :yes:

(hp38guser mentioned this before though ;) )

Edited by erik_demon, 25 July 2005 - 07:03 PM.

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#9
Bilou_Gateux

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@hp38guser

:thumbup Thanks!
change done successfull.

Another question. My unattended install is based on "Windows Server 2003, Web Edition Setup"

The autoIT script don't delete the 3 files in @SystemDir.
I have tried to change strings WinWaitActive("Windows Server 2003, Web Edition Setup", "") and WinSetTrans("Windows Server 2003, Web Edition Setup", "",170) with no success.
how can i check the string to use?

@all
When installing only digitally signed drivers (with a cat file), the WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe is not necessary. I have edited the drivers.au3 autoit script and add a semicolon in front of both lines with WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe process and successfully unattended install (on a real box, not on a VirtualMachine) Digitally Signed  Drivers.


Driver signing uses the existing digital-signature cryptographic technology. A hash of the driver binary and relevant information is stored in a catalog file (CAT file), and the CAT file is signed with the Microsoft signature. The driver binary itself is not touched; only a CAT file is created for each driver package. The relationship between the driver package and its CAT file is referenced in the driver's INF file and maintained by the system after the driver is installed.


Edited by Bilou_Gateux, 26 July 2005 - 03:08 PM.

OS Version = 5.1.2600 Service Pack 3
Platform ID = 2 (NT)
Service Pack = 3.0
Suite = 0x0140
Product Type = 1
Architecture = x86

#10
jaclaz

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It looks like a really interesting approach.
Thanks to both :
hp38guser
a06lp
:thumbup

jaclaz

#11
Acheron

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OK, please don't download these files anymore. The script above contains some unuseful strings. I have asked the TS to remove it, but did not respond to my request.

Here's the correct driver.au3 script:
$CD = DriveGetDrive("CDROM")
For $I=1 to Number($CD[0])
	$pa = $CD[$I] & "\win51ip.SP2"
 	 If FileExists($pa) Then
      $instDrv=$CD[$I]
 	 Endif
Next
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 0)
Run($instDrv & "\$oem$\WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
ProcessWait("WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
RunWait($instDrv &  "\$oem$\SetupCopyOEMInf.exe " & $instDrv & "\$oem$\Drivers")
ProcessClose("WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 2)
FileDelete(@SystemDir & "\driver.au3")

The following files go into $oem$\$$\System32:

autoit3.exe
driver.au3

These files go into $oem$:

SetupCopyOEMInf.exe
WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe

Users who only use WHQL drivers can use the following code:
$CD = DriveGetDrive("CDROM")
For $I=1 to Number($CD[0])
	$pa = $CD[$I] & "\win51ip.SP2"
 	 If FileExists($pa) Then
      $instDrv=$CD[$I]
 	 Endif
Next
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 0)
RunWait($instDrv &  "\$oem$\SetupCopyOEMInf.exe " & $instDrv & "\$oem$\Drivers")
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 2)
FileDelete(@SystemDir & "\driver.au3")

Edited by hp38guser, 28 July 2005 - 09:05 AM.

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#12
a06lp

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@hp38guser:
I recieved your PM, and have been waiting until my next clean install to test the script, and verify that it works. once it does, i will update the first post with all changes that need to be made.
I have also asked you to please explain the script you made more fully, so that we can understand the logic behind the script, and why it works. When you have a chance, please post that (or PM it to me), and I'll update the first post with it.


@all:
for now, however, the download in the first post DOES work (even though it may contain some unneccesary things).

Edited by a06lp, 28 July 2005 - 10:02 AM.


#13
Bilou_Gateux

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@hp38guser:
Thanks for cleaning the code and post again.
Just finished my UA install (on real box) and just discover it. Too late to check this time with 2K3. i will report on my next install...

@a06lp:
Maybe can you add some credits on 1st post to shalti for the original idea of setupcopyoeminf.exe coded by Pyron.
and then ask BtS stickying this post instead ofJust a suggestion...

Edited by Bilou_Gateux, 28 July 2005 - 02:19 PM.

OS Version = 5.1.2600 Service Pack 3
Platform ID = 2 (NT)
Service Pack = 3.0
Suite = 0x0140
Product Type = 1
Architecture = x86

#14
a06lp

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The info from this outline is from this post...

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


That is from the first post - it's a direct link to schalti. But the real credit goes to the creator of the program.

As for stickying this post - that's not my decision... :blink: :whistle:

Edited by a06lp, 28 July 2005 - 10:00 PM.


#15
a06lp

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Updated first post. As of this post, everything is updated and working. =)

#16
a06lp

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[nevermind...]

Edited by a06lp, 12 August 2005 - 11:39 AM.


#17
evilvoice

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couldnt we include support for 7zip archives?
When I spotted this little cutie with some sex appeal. I winked at her, she gave me a look like I'm a booger. I thought b***h, I'd rather spend my money on a hooker. Then a bright idea ran across my mind, if I could swipe a manikin I'd have a freak all the time.

#18
erik_demon

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I believe we can if we do it this way
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#19
evilvoice

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actually, id much rather have it all contained in the autoit script...mainly because of the "RunWait" command...the problem with presetup.cmd is that windows setup DOES NOT pause when executing it, so you could potentially end up with only half the drivers extracted when windows hunts for drivers (at least I heard that was the biggest problem)
When I spotted this little cutie with some sex appeal. I winked at her, she gave me a look like I'm a booger. I thought b***h, I'd rather spend my money on a hooker. Then a bright idea ran across my mind, if I could swipe a manikin I'd have a freak all the time.

#20
Acheron

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actually, id much rather have it all contained in the autoit script...mainly because of the "RunWait" command...the problem with presetup.cmd is that windows setup DOES NOT pause when executing it, so you could potentially end up with only half the drivers extracted when windows hunts for drivers (at least I heard that was the biggest problem)

<{POST_SNAPBACK}>


You can't let wait the Windows Setup with AutoIt. However you can force the Windows Setup to idle-mode for the time being.
Reason for me to use AutoIt is the ProcessClose function. When using nLite sometimes Taskkill would fail if you have removed lot's of components
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#21
evilvoice

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what do you mean by idle-mode? does that mean that if I inclue extracting the 7zip archive using Run.Wait it will idle at DetachedProgram?

Also, why the need to input the cd when using this method for any devices that were not connected during install...is it because of a registry setting? Im just asking if it is something we can change because I copy the driver directory from the cd to hard drive just for the purpose of not needing the cd again.

Edited by evilvoice, 13 August 2005 - 03:17 AM.

When I spotted this little cutie with some sex appeal. I winked at her, she gave me a look like I'm a booger. I thought b***h, I'd rather spend my money on a hooker. Then a bright idea ran across my mind, if I could swipe a manikin I'd have a freak all the time.

#22
Nologic

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Different write up for the script.

; Files To Use
$FILE_0 = "setup.exe"
$FILE_1 = "WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe"
$FILE_2 = "SetupCopyOEMInf.exe "

$CD = DriveGetDrive( "CDROM" )

; Check Drives
For $I = 1 to $CD[0]
	If FileExists( $CD[$I] & "\win51ip.SP2" ) Then $iDrive = $CD[$I] & "\$oem$\"
Next

; Setup = Idle
ProcessSetPriority	( $FILE_0 , 0 )

; Process Drivers
Run  ( $iDrive & $FILE_1 )
ProcessWait	( $FILE_1 )
RunWait  ( $iDrive & $FILE_2 & $iDrive & "Drivers" )
ProcessClose	( $FILE_1 )

; Setup = Normal
ProcessSetPriority	( $FILE_0 , 2 )

; Delete File
FileDelete	( @SystemDir & "\driver.au3" )

Not sure if the ProcessWait is really needed tho...then again haven't tested this method yet ether.

#23
Acheron

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If you want all drivers get installed from HDD you have only to modify the SetupCopyOEMInf.exe command line.

For example you want the Drivers to be located in \Windows\Drivers you can use this code:

driver.au3
$CD = DriveGetDrive("CDROM")
For $I=1 to Number($CD[0])
$pa = $CD[$I] & "\win51ip.SP2"
  If FileExists($pa) Then
     $instDrv=$CD[$I]
  Endif
Next
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 0)
Run($instDrv & "\$oem$\WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
ProcessWait("WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
RunWait($instDrv &  "\$oem$\SetupCopyOEMInf.exe " & @WindowsDir & "\Drivers")
ProcessClose("WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe")
ProcessSetPriority ( "setup.exe", 2)
FileDelete(@SystemDir & "\driver.au3")

Where in $oem$\$$\System32:
autoit3.exe
driver.au3

Following files in $oem$
SetupCopyOEMInf.exe
WatchDriverSigningPolicy.exe

And in $oem$\$$\drivers your driver files :)

Edited by hp38guser, 13 August 2005 - 09:29 AM.

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#24
evilvoice

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so why the need for a06lp's last note in the first post? I assumed it was something else, like a registry problem, or something, but if using setupcopyoeminf.exe on the windows\source\drivers dir will make it so windows does not prompt for the cd when installing NEW devices, then Ill use that method, just thought it was more in depth.
When I spotted this little cutie with some sex appeal. I winked at her, she gave me a look like I'm a booger. I thought b***h, I'd rather spend my money on a hooker. Then a bright idea ran across my mind, if I could swipe a manikin I'd have a freak all the time.

#25
evilvoice

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still havent tried it out yet, but i do think this should be stickied or merged...or something to keep it at the top...a bunch of people say this method works better than the previous version...so maybe the old should be replaced with the new?
When I spotted this little cutie with some sex appeal. I winked at her, she gave me a look like I'm a booger. I thought b***h, I'd rather spend my money on a hooker. Then a bright idea ran across my mind, if I could swipe a manikin I'd have a freak all the time.




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